The basis of a thyroid condition varies from person to person. It can be a result of a congenital or iatrogenic disease. There are several types of hypothyroidism and thyroiditis. These include Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, Iatrogenic thyroiditis, and Congenital hypothyroidism.
Thyroid conditions are among the most common medical disorders. Unfortunately, they are often difficult to diagnose. Fortunately, there are several tests available to help diagnose and treat the condition.
The thyroid gland is an essential organ in your body. It maintains the speed at which your body processes various nutrients and hormones. If it becomes enlarged, it can cause difficulty in breathing, swallowing, and speaking.
Several different types of diseases cause thyroid disorders. These include autoimmune thyroiditis, malignancy, and a genetic predisposition to the condition.
Thyroid disease may be treated with synthetic thyroid hormone replacement therapy. However, it is essential to catch the disease early to avoid complications. Treatment may include surgery, radiation, or medication.
Imaging techniques such as x-rays, CTs, or MRIs can be used to determine the nature of thyroid nodules. Alternatively, needle aspiration can be used to examine the thyroid gland.
The patient may have trouble swallowing, hoarseness, and neck pain when the thyroid gland is enlarged. The patient may also develop an overactive voice. This can be a symptom of hyperthyroidism.
Autoimmune conditions, pituitary dysfunction, or primary thyroid gland failure can trigger thyroid dysfunction. Symptoms of a thyroid condition can be nonspecific, so a thorough evaluation of the patient’s medical history is necessary.
Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is a thyroid disorder that occurs when the thyroid gland does not produce enough needed hormones. Several factors can cause it. Some are inherited, while others arise due to other organs’ defects.
Children with CH may have learning problems, poor growth, and neurological issues. They may also experience hearing and speech problems. However, treatment can help prevent them from developing long-term complications. Fortunately, treatments are relatively inexpensive.
Treatment is usually given in the early days of life. Keeping the child’s thyroid hormone levels regular can help improve their development. Several types of treatment exist, including levothyroxine therapy. Medications are typically taken orally. However, the doctor may adjust the dose as the child grows.
In most cases, the symptoms of congenital hypothyroidism begin within a few weeks of birth. However, some babies may not have any symptoms at all. Symptoms include slow growth, increased sleep, and decreased activity.
Other signs of the condition include:
- Poor blood pressure.
- Cold hands and feet.
- Lack of interest in food or other activities.
If your baby shows any of these symptoms, see a doctor as soon as possible.
A thyroid scan is often performed. This can help the doctor determine if the thyroid gland is missing, minor, or in the wrong place.
Hypothyroidism is an endocrine disorder that results from an insufficient amount of thyroid hormones. These hormones are essential for regulating body functions. For example, in addition to helping the body use calories for energy, thyroid hormones also play a vital role in the growth of the skeleton.
A hypothyroidism diagnosis is made when the levels of thyroxine (T4) in the blood are lower than usual. It can occur due to iatrogenic thyroid surgery, radiation treatment, or other causes. The thyroid gland is located at the base of the neck and helps regulate the body’s metabolism.
Thyroid problems can cause weight gain and other health problems. Usually, the thyroid gland is overactive, but too little of the hormone can also cause a problem. This can result from an iodine deficiency or taking too much hormone.
Congenital hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid does not develop properly at birth. If left untreated, this condition can result in growth delays and intellectual disabilities. Treatment involves thyroid hormone replacement medication.
Primary hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid-stimulating hormone. An anti-thyroperoxidase antibody is used to diagnose this condition. IH is rarely diagnosed in children.
Central hypothyroidism results from a functional disorder of the hypothalamus or pituitary gland. Symptoms may include hypopituitarism, hair loss, papilledema, hypogonadism, and bradycardia.
Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is a disorder that causes your thyroid to become underactive. This happens because the immune system attacks your thyroid gland, causing it to lose its ability to produce thyroid hormone. Thyroid hormones are needed to regulate body temperature, weight, and growth. In addition to affecting your body’s metabolism, they also influence your heart rate.
If your thyroid is underactive, you may have joint or muscle pain, cold hands and feet, a slow heart rate, and depression. You might also have difficulty losing weight, getting pregnant, or gaining weight. Your doctor can help you manage your condition.
A blood test can determine if you have Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. The test will measure the levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), a hormone produced in your brain. When you don’t have enough of the hormone, your pituitary gland sends signals to your thyroid, telling it to make more of it.
If you have Hashimoto’s, you might need to take thyroid hormone replacement for the rest of your life. Your doctor will give you a prescription for levothyroxine sodium. It comes in a tablet you take in the morning.
You can help to manage your hypothyroidism by taking a low dose of levothyroxine as soon as possible. But keep in mind that soy products and other medications can affect the absorption of the hormone.