Our genes determine what we look like, our survival and our behavior in our environment. Genetics is basically the study of genes. There are quite a number of genetic tests which vary from each other.
Genome sequencing, as minor as it may sound, is quite a broad genetic process because it comprises other genetic tests used for proper diagnosis. Not all people are conversant with the diagnosis of gene-related problems. Hospitals may offer counseling on the diseases that can be passed on from parents to their children.
Genome sequencing provides a solution to those health issues relating to genetics that are facing the health care systems across the world. It refers to a test that fully discovers virtually all DNA variation in a genome. The test normally takes days or weeks to complete. Though there are many hospitals that are not equipped to handle conditions that fall into this group, they can usually employ the use of analysis software or platforms to carry out a genome sequencing test on patients.
Diseases which are commonly caused by genes can be detected and analyzed through this test. The test yields more diagnostic insight than the popular DNA genetic test that people do.
Why Use Analysis Platforms or Software?
There are several platforms that provide the service of proper analysis from the start of the process to the finish. The interpretation of the findings is done with exceptional tools and data sources and presented accurately with evidence. Geneticists and physicians in this field employ the services of analysis platforms to reduce the time they spend on the sequencing process.
A Look at the Process
Genome sequencing can be carried out on children and adults with relevant disorders. Only medical geneticists or physicians who are experts in the field can request that patients undergo this test. Most patients that are ordered by medical professionals to do such test must have considered other test options for their condition which failed or did not deliver efficiently.
This process is harmless. However, one thing that can have very adverse effects is a misinterpretation of the results. Therefore, before the procedure is carried out, it is always advisable to forward correct medical information and family history.
The process is divided into three stages:
In this stage, the medical geneticist gathers all important information on phenotype and history of the family too.
After all necessary data have been collected; the next phase involves the review of the genetic data which have been gathered in the first stage. The review is usually done by a laboratory geneticist who is a professional at the job.
The medical geneticist seeks to match the findings with the clinical phenotype. These findings refer to the explanation of all or some of the genetic components that make up the result. Identification of the results is the actual goal of the genome sequencing test. These results are communicated to the patient through genetic counseling.
Proper interpretation of discoveries is done by the professional to inform the decisions made by the patient or family. It is important to note that the categorization of genetic variants may change once recent information pertaining to them becomes accessible. Read this article to get a broader understanding of the sequencing test, https://www.cmaj.ca/content/193/42/E1626
Benefits of Genome Sequencing
Genome sequencing has proven its importance over time. The following are the benefits of the genetic test for both the patient and the geneticist:
Normally, people undergo laboratory tests for clinical professionals to diagnose their medical condition and prescribe drugs for them. Hence, with a sequencing test, physicians can get instant diagnosis as to the kind of genetic disorder they have and appropriate solutions to it.
Genome sequencing is designed to aid the swift assessment of a patient’s information. This is usually done at the collection stage.
Identification of Rare Genetic Disorders
Some genetic disorders are rare and often new to geneticists. Every month comes with a new discovery of genetic disorders. Through genome sequencing tests, rare disorders are discovered, analyzed and interpreted before treatment procedures are implemented.
In these cases, genetic disorders are caused by certain variants inherited from parents. Therefore, it is pertinent to ascertain that genetic tests help to identify phenotypes that are inherited and present findings to avoid recurrence.
Not all individuals are knowledgeable about genetics and genome sequencing test. The role that genome sequencing plays in helping people stay healthy cannot be over emphasized. So you would do well to be informed about it.