Poor nutrition, too little sleep, too much sitting, and a lack of physical activity are the reasons why your spine, muscles, and bone structures suffer. Besides, some diseases are inherited or occur at an early age. And finally, there are acute injuries.
Because of all the above, people most often turn to orthopedic medicine specialists. Some of these physicians specialize in working with certain body parts, while others work with a wide range of conditions. If you need an orthopedist Jersey city, make sure to do detailed research before making an appointment.
It Started as a Branch of Pediatrics
If you look at the basis of the word orthopedics, you’ll see it has the Latin name for a child (ped, i.e., peis or paidios in the original). The name makes sense if you know that the original orthopedic medicine treated kids with bone and muscle issues. Today, pediatrics and orthopedics work closely together. Many kids have poor posture, flat feet, congenital deformities, and so on.
You should also know that this branch of medicine was developed centuries age before it officially became recognized. That finally happened in the 18th century. But ancient Roman and Greek doctors knew the treatments for diseases of the knees, hips, back, etc. And medieval doctors used devices and procedures that resemble today’s orthopedic aids and surgery.
Most Commonly Treated Body Parts
Orthopedics deals with the musculoskeletal system as it supports the whole body. Numerous studies show that some injuries and diseases are more common than others. Orthopedic experts usually work with people suffering from knees, back, and shoulders issues.
Knee pain is present in patients of all ages, as many things can cause it. The most common triggers are fractures and sports injuries. It is an interesting fact that a large number of kids are among the patients, precisely because of inattention during sports activities.
Back pain most often occurs due to a sedentary and inactive lifestyle, but also because of improper posture and obesity. Injuries also happen because of overexertion or weak spinal muscle. Pinched nerve and degenerative changes also cause back pain.
Tips on preventing back pain see below:
In both situations, orthopedists will do their best to avoid surgery, especially in young patients. A combination of physical therapy, drugs, and lifestyle changes brings good results. These specialists often work with other medical professionals if their patients suffer from other diseases. Along with neurologists, rheumatologists, and neonatologists, orthopedists help patients get their health back.
It’s Not Just about Surgery
The basis of orthopedic medicine is the operative approach in the treatment of many conditions. In this way, diseases of joints, bones, nerves, and tendons are put under control. These surgical procedures also include amputation and prosthesis applications.
In many diseases, surgery is the only solution, but only if drug therapy doesn’t bring lasting improvement or cure. Physicians use traditional surgery, but they slowly turn to less invasive methods. With the unstoppable progress of science, biological surgical procedures will soon be available as a treating method.
Although some specialists only perform surgical procedures, orthopedic medicine also includes physical therapy and repair of sudden injuries. The last one refers to the application of plaster bandages and the repositioning of bones and joints after fractures or sprains.
Use of Technology
Technology and scientific achievements are changing the whole world, including medicine. New treating methods, drugs, gadgets, biological matters, and many other inventions are widely applied in the field of orthopedic medicine. And they bring great results.
Some of the latest inventions are substances that speed up wound healing (made from natural tissues). That means faster recovery of patients and fewer days spent in the hospital. Laser and robotic surgery are already in use. More on the benefits of laser surgery for back pain read here.
One of the innovations that will change the concepts of modern orthopedics is the use of 3D technologies. Powerful printers will make orthopedic aids using fewer resources and human labor, which means further savings and product developments.
Due to the fast lifestyle and habits that can’t be seen as healthy, more and more people have problems with diseases and injuries of the musculoskeletal system. And when they neglect those problems, they only worsen. So orthopedists worldwide have a lot of work to do. Constant innovation and the use of new technologies are necessary to make treating patients more effectively.