Siddha – the Dravidian Science of Healing
The origin of the Siddha system of medicine is attributed to the great Siddha Ayastiyar and dates back to around 5000 BC. The term 'Siddhi' means achievement and this system of medicine derives its name from it. It is believed that eighteen Siddhars, who were saintly people with medical knowledge, had contributed in the development of this system. The Tamil population of India, the most prominent amongst the Dravidians, mostly practices Siddha.
According to the Hindu scriptures, Lord Shiva had revealed this system of medicine to his wife Goddess Parvati who in turn passed it on to Nandi Deva. He then handed over this precious legacy to the Siddhars.
This system of medicine is very similar to Ayurveda in its principles and practice in the sense that they also believe that the body is made up of earth, air, water, fire, and spirit and comprises seven tissues life sap, blood, muscles, fat, bones, bone marrow, and the reproductory fluid. It also recognizes the role of three humors, called Mukkuttram (Vatam, Pittam, and Kapham) in disease development. It believes in the striking resemblance of the microcosm with the macrocosm and also covers the concept of salvation.
Siddha physicians diagnose their patients on the basis of Mukkuttram and eight entities called Ennvagai Thervu, i.e., pulse (Nadi), tongue (Na), eyes (Kan), color (Niram), feces (Malam), urine (Muthiram), voice (Moozhi), and touch (Sparsham). Very much like the Panchakarma therapy of Ayurveda, Siddha believes in cleansing the body of its toxins before medicating their patients employing methods such as vomiting (Vanthi), purgation (Bedhi), enema (Piccu), and nasal instillation (Nasyam). Siddha offers treatment for conditions like psoriasis, rheumatism, prostate enlargement, hemorrhoids, and peptic ulcers. These are diseases that are usually quite difficult to treat.
Every system of healing has its pros and cons. It is imperative that the physician plays his role as a restorer as well as a preserver of health by not only knowing what is to be cured but also what is the best method to be employed for the purpose, considering the patient as a whole and bearing the patient's individuality in mind. Considering the fact that alternative systems of healing have a lot to offer in the treatment of a number of conditions that modern medicine fails to treat agreeably, an integrated approach in treatment could go a very long way in treating diseases satisfactorily, especially chronic ones, while keeping the patient more comfortable throughout the course of treatment.
Share this Article with your Friends