The commonest fear associated with diabetes is the increased risk of developing various foot problems. The root cause of all the diseases of the lower limbs is poor blood circulation along with neuropathy. Neuropathy refers to any pathological condition of the nerves. This can lead to loss of sensations, because of which diabetic patients may not realize when they suffer from injuries of their feet or legs. To make matters worse, due to the poor blood circulation, the healing power of their tissues is also quite low.
Even trivial foot injuries can become dangerous and can lead to gangrene, which may necessitate amputation of that part. People with diabetes are always advised to wear a proper pair of shoes, which is comfortable to wear and also protects the feet from any injury because even a tiny cut or blister can eventually give rise to a non-healing ulcer, which if left unattended can lead to loss of the foot, leg, or life in severe cases. Dry or cracked skin, nail infections, corns, and callosities must be treated in time and should never be overlooked.
Charcot foot is a deformity in which a person suffering from diabetes mellitus does not recognize a bone injury, which results in the destruction of soft tissues of the affected foot. This happens because the pain of the fracture often goes unnoticed and the person continues to walk around as usual, thereby putting more stress on the broken bone and making the condition irreversible. In such cases, the deformity can only be corrected through surgery, but even this cannot guarantee the normal functioning of the foot.
Prevention is definitely better than a cure in such cases. Therefore, in order to prevent foot injuries, it is advisable to take some precautionary measures like inspecting your feet daily so as to watch out for any redness, cuts, rashes, nail discolorations, or signs of fracture. Never neglect any kind of leg pain. Seek medical assistance as soon as possible, if necessary. If you experience severe pain in one of your legs on least exertion, there is a possibility that you have a blocked artery. So, don’t take your symptoms lightly.
To avoid problems with your nails, always keep them properly trimmed. Callosities and corns should be treated only with the help of a medical professional. Never try to get rid of them on your own. Your shoes and socks should be clean and proper-fitting. If you tend to walk barefooted at home, then take care that you don’t get yourself hurt by any objects that may be accidentally lying around on the floor. As far as possible, keep your house clutter-free and remove anything that may obstruct your path when moving about casually at home.