Foot infections, foot ulcers, and leg amputations are some of the major causes of morbidity and disability in diabetics. Thus, people with diabetes, especially those with symptoms of diabetic peripheral neuropathy, are required to take proper care of their feet. Now-a-days, the markets are loaded with a variety of diabetic foot care products that help to prevent foot problems and thereby promote foot health.
Specially designed footwear is available in the market to protect insensitive diabetic feet. These shoes usually have a wide toe area and are made of leather or a foam called plastazote. The insoles are made up of full length foam to support the foot and are easily removable. If required, they can be substituted with orthotics (devices for artificially supporting bones). They also possess a strong heel counter for better support and stability. People who have undergone a minor surgical procedure to remove a callus can opt for orthowedge shoes as these help to reduce the pressure over the toe area.
Purchasing diabetic socks along with diabetic shoes may help in better protection of the ulcer prone areas. Their therapeutic properties help to decrease swelling and soothe the feet. Besides this, their antimicrobial property keeps away bacteria, avoids infection, and also eliminates foul odor. The unique feature of diabetic socks is that they are non-binding and made seamless to reduce discomfort, friction, and irritation. They are finely woven using polyester, lycra, and x-static (a fiber derived from natural silver ions). These microfibers keep the wearer’s feet dry and help to regulate temperature.
Another important product in the total diabetic foot care regimen is a diabetic cream or lotion. Diabetic creams, foot scrubs, and diabetic foot soaks, normally contain sea minerals and antioxidants like vitamins A, C, and E. They nourish and revitalize the foot skin by stimulating circulation and encouraging healthy skin cell renewal. They also help to heal dry, cracked skin and prevent fungal growth. Foot scrubs safely remove calluses naturally. A diabetic must never neglect any foot injury and should take utmost care to keep his feet healthy. Following a proper skin care regimen and using the above mentioned products can certainly prevent diabetic complications to a very large extent.