What is CPR?
CPR stands for Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation. It is an emergency procedure performed on people suffering from cardiac arrest. CPR provides a continuous flow of oxygen to the lungs and brain until the person regains consciousness. It is important to remember that CPR alone is rarely enough for a person to survive. The true purpose of CPR is to keep the heart pumping and the oxygen flowing until emergency care arrives.
Steps in CPR on an adult:
1. Â Place the victim flat on his/her back on a hard surface.
2. Â Open the victimâ€™s airway by tilting the head back with one hand, while lifting up the chin with your other hand.
3. Â Â Feel inside the mouth with a finger to see if there is anything blocking the windpipe and remove any food or other objects, if any.
4. Â Â Position your cheek close to the victimâ€™s nose and mouth, look towards the victimâ€™s chest, and listen, and feel for breathing (5-10 seconds).
5. Â Â If there are no signs of breathing, pinch victimâ€™s nose closed and give 2 full breaths into victimâ€™s mouth.
6. Â Â Check to see if the chest rises as you breathe out into the patient. Repeat this procedure until help arrives or the person starts breathing again.
7. Â Â Check for the carotid pulse by feeling for 5-10 seconds at the side of the victimâ€™s neck. If there is no pulse, begin chest compressions.
8. For chest compressions, place the heel of one hand on the center of the chest, right between the nipples. Place the heel of your other hand on top of the first hand and lock your elbows and position your shoulders directly above your hands. Press down on the chest with enough force to move the breastbone down about 2 inches.
9. Compress the chest 30 times, at a rate of about 100 times per minute. After 30 compressions, stop, open the airway again, and provide the next 2 slow breaths. Then, position your hands in the same spot as before and perform another 30 chest compressions.
9.Â Â Check for return of pulse every minute.
10. Â Continue this procedure uninterrupted until medical emergency help arrives.
11. Till the ambulance arrives, make sure that the patient continues breathing and has a pulse.
12. Â If you succeed in resuscitating the person, remember that on regaining consciousness or stability, he or she may be confused and alarmed by all the commotion around. Keep the patient warm and calm and inform him/her about what has happened.
- Never leave the person alone except to call for help, if necessary
- Never allow the person to deny the symptoms and convince you not to call for emergency help
- Never wait to see if the symptoms go away
- Never give the person anything by mouth unless a heart medication has been prescribed
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